The present scenario of climate change, drug resistant microbes and immune escape mutants, are evolving at faster rate and leading to these outbreaks. The occurrence of these outbreaks indicates the insufficient efforts for early diagnosis and prevention, and lack of optimum prophalytic measures. At present, the turnaround time between referring clinical samples to concern laboratories and to get the confirmatory report is long, by that time the infection spreads to large area leading to an outbreak.

In recent years, a One Health (OH) approach to manage endemic and emerging/ re- emerging zoonotic diseases has been promoted by international human and animal health agencies. In Indian context, in order to achieve OH, owing to shared interests in research activities pertaining to the area of zoonoses, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) have come together in collaboration with MAFSU for addressing Zoonoses. In the year 2014-15 ICAR under Niche Area of Excellence the ICAR has funded the project titled "Centre for Zoonoses" at Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur with its establishment at Department of Veterinary Public Health. With a total budget outlay for Rs. 437.848 lakh granted by the ICAR, the centre is working in collaboration with its medical partners Central India Institute of Medical Sciences (CIIMS) , Nagpur and Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (MGIMS), Sewagram who are parallel funded by the ICMR, New Delhi. With the goal "One health concept- A targeted, multi-disciplinary and multi-sectoral efforts to mitigate the effects of zoonoses on human and animal health", the Centre is committed to work on the important zoonotic diseases viz., Brucellosis, Leptospirosis, Listeriosis, Tuberculosis, Scrub typhus and Rota Viral diarrhoea in the study area of 'Central India' including Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and part of Telangana. The centre has been established and equipped with ultra modern facilities of Vitek 2, BacT Alert, MALDI-TOF, Biosafety cabinet (Class II B2 with virus burn out unit and 100% exhaust), Sonicator, ELISA test reader, automated Gram staining machine, Inverted microscope, Dark field microscope, Fluorescent microscope , CO2 incubator, Deep freezers (-20 & -80 o C) etc. It is actively conducting the research in the field of serology, molecular surveillance/epidemiology, genomics, and metagenomics.

The centre has also developed linkages with other National institutes and research centres viz., NIVEDI, Bengaluru, NIHSAD, Bhopal, Indian Veterinary Research Institute , Izatnagar, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, , NIBSM, Raipur, State Animal Husbandry Department, Govt. of Maharashtra, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Government Medical College, Nagpur, National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai etc. Apart from the research on the zoonotic diseases, the Centre has a major mandate of 'Capacity building' for the scientists, researchers, health professionals, wild life experts, environmental scientists , academicians and equivalent cadre under which three National level training and hands on programs for 65 trainees on 'molecular diagnostics' and 'Epidemiology' have been conducted. Further a National Symposium on “Concepts in Zoonoses & Health in New Millennium” in collaboration with Society for Research on Listeria was also organised. The centre in collaboration with its medical partners is regularly conducting awareness campaigns and diagnostic camps for the livestock owners, farmers and animal handlers at various destinations. The progress of the Centre has been appreciated by the funding agency ICAR, New Delhi. The 'Centre for Zoonoses' at Nagpur Veterinary College, is working as a step forward for establishment of 'National Institute for Zoonoses' at Nagpur.

Dr. S. P. Chaudhari

Principal Investigator &
Associate Professor & Head
Department of Veterinary Public Health
Nagpur Veterinary College,
Seminary Hills, Nagpur-440006

Email :
Office (Telefax) : 0712-2510883

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